Kembalinya Pengaruh Kaum Neokonservatisme di Pemerintahan Amerika Serikat pada Era George W. Bush dalam Menghadapi Gerakan Islam Politik

Abstrak :

Berakhirnya era Perang Dingin menyapa dunia untuk menerima dan menjalankan demokrasi liberal. Tetapi, tidak semua negara dapat menerima sistem tersebut karena perbedaan sudut pandang sosiologis maupun politis. Kawasan Muslim secara keras menolak penyebaran demokrasi liberal dengan mengatakan, satusatunya tujuan dunia Barat adalah untuk melindungi sekutu mereka di Timur Tengah, yaitu Israel. Kaum Muslim berusaha membuat gerakan berdasarkan kepercayaan mereka, yaitu Islam. Gerakan ini berhasil pada Revolusi Iran tahun 1979. Keberhasilan gerakan ini memotivasi umat Muslim yang lain untuk menjadikan Islam sebagai ideologi yang bertujuan menyingkirkan paham sekulerisme Barat. Dari sudut pandang Barat, gerakan ini dianggap membahayakan bagi kepentingan dan keamanan mereka. Mereka percaya, gerakan Islam adalah dalang dari peristiwa 9/11. Bush yang dipengaruhi kelompok neokonservatif mengasosiasikan gerakan politik Islam dengan istilah teroris, fundamentalis, radikalis.

The end of an era that known as the Cold War has addressed the world to massively accept and practiced a one universal system called liberal democracy. But not all country can accept that system because of the differences in both sociologic and political point of view, such as in the Arab World. The Moslem regions roughly rejected the spread of democracy that the Western world has done. The Moslem said that the West only purpose is to fulfill their needs and to protect their allies in the Middle East region, which is Israel. The West doesn’t really care about what kind of life the Moslem live. In that case the Moslem start to make some sort of a movement based on what they believe, and is Islam. This movement gain a succesful moment when the Iranian Revolution broke in 1979 bringing the country to administered Islam as their ideology. The succesful moment motivated other Moslem to use Islam as their political ideology, the main goal is to put aside Western Secularism which made there life misserable. From the Western point of view, that kind of movement is a serious threat to their interest and security. They believe that the Islamist Movement is behind the 9/11 incident. The Bush’s administration start to make the image of Islamic Political movement close with the terms terrorist, fundamentalist, radicalist, etc. This is because Bush’s Administration mostly control and influence by a group who called themselves neoconservatism.

Key words: liberal democracy, Islamic movement

ISSN 1693-9506 | volume X, no.1, Januari-Juni 2011